澳大利亚将从风能,太阳能中产生氢气,或将成为主要制氢国而出口氢气

2020年05月11日

来源:摩天登录国际教育服务

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英国石油公司的一项可行性研究赢得了澳大利亚政府的支持,该研究涉及利用风能和太阳能生产氢来分解水并将西澳大利亚的氢转化为氨。

澳大利亚可再生能源署周五表示,将为耗资440万澳元的可行性研究提供170万澳元的支持(110万美元),这是政府推动澳大利亚在2030年成为主要制氢国的一项努力。

BP预计将在2021年初完成可行性研究,内容涉及是否在杰拉尔顿镇建设一个试验工厂,在一年时间内生产2万吨氨水,以及之后再建立一个年产能在100万吨的商业规模设施。该公司没有给出扩大规模的时间表。

该公司表示,在商业规模上,BP将为国内和出口市场生产绿色氨,该工厂将需要约1.5吉瓦的发电能力。

BP亚太地区首席运营官FrédéricBaudry在一份声明中说:“西澳大利亚州是研究地点,部分原因是其庞大的太阳能和风能资源,现有的港口基础设施以及邻近存在长期需求的大型绿色氢市场的地理位置。”

西澳大利亚州已经是氨的主要生产国,但是是用天然气制成的。

用氨来代替电解水制得的氢气,将大大减少碳排放,并帮助英国石油实现其在2050年实现零碳净排放的新目标。

澳大利亚能源与减排部长安格斯·泰勒在一份声明中说:“利用可再生氢可以为行业提供一个绝佳的机会来减少排放,并将清洁的按需产品出售给全球买家。”

BP Plc has won Australian government backing for a feasibility study into producing hydrogen using wind and solar power to split water and converting the hydrogen to ammonia in Western Australia.

The Australian Renewable Energy Agency said on Friday it would provide A$1.7 million ($1.1 million) toward the A$4.4 million feasibility study, part of a push by the government to make the country a major producer of hydrogen by 2030.

BP expects to complete the feasibility study in early 2021 on whether to build a pilot plant in the town of Geraldton to produce 20,000 tonnes a year of ammonia and later a commerical-scale facility capable of 1 million tonnes. The company did not give a time line on the scale up.

At commercial scale, BP would produce green ammonia for domestic and export markets and the plant would require around 1.5 gigawatts of power capacity, the company said.

“Western Australia is the study location due, in part, to its vast solar and wind resources, existing port infrastructure and proximity to large, long-term markets for green hydrogen,” BP’s Chief Operating Officer for Asia Pacific Frédéric Baudry said in a statement.

Western Australia is already a big producer of ammonia, but made from natural gas.

Producing ammonia instead from hydrogen made from electrolysing water would cut carbon emissions sharply and help BP meet its new goal of becoming a net zero carbon emitter by 2050.

“Utilising renewable hydrogen provides a fantastic opportunity for this industry to reduce emissions and sell a clean, in-demand product to global buyers,” Australian Energy and Emissions Reduction Minister Angus Taylor said in a statement.

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