非洲的“风水”将如何塑造非洲大陆的未来城市

2020年05月18日

来源:摩天登录国际教育服务

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当建筑师Mphethi Morojele开始在南非比勒陀利亚设计占地一个130英亩(52公顷),用以纪念在该国反对种族隔离政权的斗争中丧生的生命的自由公园时,他采取了非常规的步骤,将设计计划移交给了一群精神治疗师。

Morojele解释说,这项工作开始于大约二十年前,那时,这些治疗师从自然界和超自然界收集信号,从而创建了一种“热量地图/精神地图”。

“这就像中国人会使用风水一样,他们在这里感受到场地的能量,并决定必须把一种元素放在这里,把另一种元素放在那里。” 他继续说, “然后,你将以此为基础进行布局。”

Morojele认为,南非及更多地区的建筑师应该把提高包容性这一目标作为关注的重点。

“我希望看到建筑师专注于建筑创造社会凝聚力的作用。在南非,建筑一直被用来分隔人群。在建筑中具有微妙的机制,用于定义谁属于哪里:你使用哪个入口,取决于你的肤色等原因。”

莫罗耶勒说,建筑师和城市规划师可以而且必须扭转这种历史性的分裂过程,以修复裂缝并创造更加公平的城市。

Morojoele现在热衷于将更多的分析方法和精神层面联系起来。在未来的工作计划方面,他预见了一条与和神经科学,以及芬兰建筑师Juhani Pallasmaa等人提出的旨在解释自然和建筑环境如何影响人类的行为和情感的“环境心理学”思想结合的发展道路。

他说:“摩天登录需要回过头来将自己理解为生命,而不是智慧创造者,从而带来更多的感官体验。”

Morojele的思想既具有前瞻性又具有传统基础,他希望未来的城市可以成为摩天登录与自然和周围环境产生关联的设计。“一种更具感性的建筑。” 他解释说, “这可以增强你的环境体验。”

When architect Mphethi Morojele began designing Freedom Park in Pretoria, South Africa, a 130-acre (52-hectare) memorial to lives lost in the struggle against the country's Apartheid regime, he took the unconventional step of handing over the plans to a group of spiritual healers.

Work began nearly two decades ago, at which point these healers gathered signals from the natural and supernatural realms to create a sort of "heat map or a spiritual map of the site,'' explained Morojele.

"It's almost like the Chinese would use Feng Shui, where they feel the energies of the site and decide that this element must go here, this element must go there," he continued. "Then you start to lay out your design based on that as a kind of brief."

The goal of greater inclusivity should be at the forefront for architects in South Africa and beyond, Morojele argued.

"I'd like to see architects focus on the way architecture creates social cohesion. In South Africa, architecture has always been used to separate. It had subtle mechanisms in buildings that were used to define who belongs where: which entrance you use, depending on your skin color, and things like that."

Morojele says architects and urban planners can -- and must -- reverse that historical process of division to repair fissures and create more equitable cities.

Morojoele is keen to now connect more analytic and spiritual approaches. As he plans for future commissions, he sees a path forward via neuroscience, and the ideas of "environmental psychology" developed by the likes of Finnish architect Juhani Pallasmaa, which hopes to explain how our natural and built surroundings affect our behavior and emotions.

"We need to go back to understanding ourselves as biological beings, less as intellectual beings, bringing in more senses," he said.

Both forward-facing and grounded in tradition, Morojele hopes that the city of the future is an environment where we can connect with our own nature, and commune with our surroundings. "A more sensual architecture," he explained. "And one that heightens your experience of the environment."

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